The Changing Face of the U.S. Workforce

Here is a look at today’s U.S. labor market as a whole. To get a full picture of the U.S. workforce and how it’s evolved over time, CareerBuilder tracked the composition of 785 individual occupations by gender, age and race. Download the full report: The Changing Face of U.S. Jobs.

Here are some of the key findings from the study:


For starters, there are more women in the workforce today than at any other point in U.S. history. Between 2001 and 2014, the number of jobs held by women increased by 4.9 million, compared to just 2.2 million additional male workers.

While these are encouraging numbers, when broken down by individual occupations, the picture is a little less rosy. Despite gaining fewer jobs overall, men gained a greater share of jobs in 72 percent of the occupations tracked by the study, while women outpaced men in 21 percent.

The study also revealed that women have lost ground in 48 out of the 50 highest paying occupations since 2001, including some notable health care occupations such as surgeons (from 35 percent in 2001 to 33 percent in 2014) and orthodontists (from 36 percent in 2001 to 31 percent in 2014).


Simply put, the workforce got a lot older. In 2001, 14-18 year olds held 5.2 million jobs. That number dropped to 3.5 million by 2014 — a 33 percent decrease. At the same time, the number of workers ages 55 and up grew by 40 percent, from 20.6 million to 28.9 million.


Both the U.S. population and the U.S. labor force have grown more diverse, a trend spanning across industries and income levels. African-American workers gained share in 44 percent of the 50 highest paying occupations, while Hispanic and Asian workers gained share in 96 percent and 90 percent of all occupations respectively.

Download the full report for an even more detailed look at the constantly evolving face of the U.S. workforce.

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